First grade is where the effort to develop students’ basic language and math skills begins in earnest. The ability to read well, being essential for success in all subjects, students learn the features of a sentence, learn to recognize sight words, and learn how to decode or sound out unfamiliar words. Students work at reading aloud at an appropriate speed and with expression. That fluency aids their ability to comprehend what they are reading.
In mathematics, students develop an understanding of addition and subtraction and strategies for solving these operations within 20. They also learn about place value and grouping numbers into tens and ones, the measurement of lengths, and the attributes of geometric shapes.